Most people find it difficult to choose between residential and commercial property. Whether residential or commercial, choosing a property totally depends on investment goals, risk tolerance, and financial situation. Each has their own advantages; what someone finds suitable for themselves might not be the choice of another.
Difference between residential and commercial properties
Residential: These are designed for families and individuals. Several types of residential properties exist: single-family homes, apartments, condos, mobile homes, and multi-family residences. They are designed for housing, with restrictions on types and scales of business. Prioritising quality life and housing needs Generally occupied and active during evenings and nights, with residents living full-time.
Commercial: These are designed for business activities, providing a range of commercial and industrial activities. Which may include other retail spaces, warehouses, hotels, and industrial facilities. Active during the daytime when business operations are conducted, while some also operate during the night or 24-hours, depending on the type of business. Designed to generate income through rent paid by businesses or through the operations of businesses.
Different types of residential properties
- Stand-alone houses: These are single-family homes that are free-standard living buildings. These are designed for a single family to live in.
- Duplexes are a type of residential building that consists of two different housing units and two different entrances altogether.
- homes:Mobile homes – These are prefabricated homes that can be moved from one place to another. Some examples of mobile homes are park homes, motor homes, and trailer homes.
- Multi-family residential: These are buildings with many separate houses in a single building. Designed to provide housing for multiple families in a single complex. Can be built side by side or one above the other. Some examples of this type of property are condominiums (condos), cluster-house flats, and apartments.
Advantages of residential properties
Some advantages of residential properties are mentioned:
- Low cost: Residential properties are less costly as compared to commercial properties due to their high demand, unlike commercial ones. Hence, investing in a residential property is a good investment plan.
- Easy to find tenants: In residential properties, it’s easier to find tenants who can stay for long as well as short terms; it depends on the choice of the investor.
- Control over property: Residential building owners have control over their properties; they can do whatever they want with them, such as make improvements, renovations, and customization.
- Augmented future growth: investors prefer residential property more because of its secure future and the fact that it can be passed on as an asset to future generations.
Things to consider while buying a residential property
- Take account of the income, savings, and potential mortgage rates.
- Investigate if there are plans for new construction and infrastructure changes that may affect the neighbourhood’s appeal and property values.
- Understand and research if the property has potential for long-term value growth in the market.
- Research property taxes and how they can affect housing.
- Decide on a budget for routine maintenance tasks, repairs, and landscaping costs.
- Review the contract with an attorney if necessary to ensure you understand all the terms and conditions.
Benefits of investing in residential property
- Steady Rental Income:Residential properties offer a stable and predictable rental income stream. Tenants, often individuals or families, pay rent on a regular basis, providing a consistent source of cash flow.
- Tax benefits: Residential property investors are sometimes eligible for tax benefits, such as leverage on mortgage interest, property taxes, depreciation, and certain property-related expenses.
- Low steady income: residential properties have a lower entry cost and fewer difficulties. Once invested in this, one can invest in commercials as well.
Different types of commercial properties
- Office buildings: buildings at prime locations for professional work, with single-tenant buildings
- Retail properties: properties for retail outlets or complexes like shopping centres, malls, restaurants, banks, and convenience stores
- Multi-family properties: buildings with multiple rental units with high-rise towers, owners with large complexes
- Vacant land is underdeveloped land that can be used for future development opportunities and commercial use.
Advantages of commercial property
Some advantages of commercial properties are mentioned:
- Potential for high returns: These types of properties offer high yields and returns on investment compared to residential properties, most likely because they are built in prime locations.
- Triple net leases: In this type of agreement, the tenant is responsible for paying taxes, insurance, and maintenance, reducing the owner’s financial burden.
- Low maintenance: The facilities provided in commercial properties are less, hence the low maintenance cost as compared to residential properties.
- Definitive tenants: Tenants of commercial properties are reliable as they are backed up by large companies.
Things to consider while buying a commercial property
- Assess the location’s visibility and accessibility to the target audience.
- Take a budget, including the down payment, improvement costs, renovation, and purchase price.
- Do market research to understand market conditions, rental rates, market conditions, and property value.
- Verify zoning and permit regulations to ensure suitability.
- Sort out what type of property can align with investment goals, be it office, retail, industrial, or land.
Benefits of investing in commercial property
- Better ROI: When compared to residential properties, commercial properties have a better return on investment if they are located in a desirable area. Businesses are always on the lookout for desirable sites. However, the amenities provided by these are significantly less than those provided by residential properties, resulting in lower maintenance costs.
- Steady Rental Income: Residential properties offer a stable and predictable rental income stream. Tenants, often individuals or families, pay rent on a regular basis, providing a consistent source of cash flow.
- Qualified tenants: You can easily find qualified tenants in commercial properties as they are bagged by larger companies, and they also tend to respect the property, which makes the stay easier.
Purpose: Residential and commercial property contracts are used for purchase, sale, and lease and are designed for personal and commercial use. This may include single-family homes, condominiums, office space, retail, empty land, industrial property, apartments, and duplexes.
Forms: often used as standardised and customised forms created by local real estate associations or boards. It depends on the needs of the parties.
Due diligence: Contracters include extensive due diligence periods during which the buyer can conduct inspections, environmental assessments, zoning investigations, and financial analysis.
Tenant consideration: lease duration, rent escalations, tenant improvements, and lease renewal options are critical components of the contract.
Financing clauses: Contracts commonly include clauses related to financing, allowing the buyer to secure a mortgage loan and outlining the consequences if financing falls through.
Some laws that apply to residential and commercial properties are landlord-tenant laws, fair housing laws, tenant rights, rent control, lease agreements, property maintenance, rent control, eviction procedures, zoning laws, commercial lease agreements, environmental regulations, building codes, property taxation, contracts and agreements, eminent domain, and business licensing.
Rental income is very important to consider while buying a property. Investors are usually confused between both properties. Commercial properties offer higher rental rates, longer lease terms, fewer escalations, triple net leases, and tenant improvements, while residential properties offer lower rental rates, shorter lease terms, limited rent escalations, utilities and maintenance, steady demand, and tenant turnover.
Loans on commercial properties are provided for business owners with lengthy paperwork procedures, while loans on residential properties are provided for individual owners with a less lengthy paperwork procedure.
Investing in commercial property requires a potential and interested buyer to consider property assessment, rental yield calculation, tenant expectations, income tax implications, negotiations, and documentation.
CRE vs. RRE
In conclusion, CRE is comparatively less risky and always has steady cash flow. While RRE can be sometimes risky investing with unstable cashflow, RRE was most affected during the start and peak of COVID. Also, drops in energy will first affect RRE, irrespective of the area. For a long period of time, investing in CRE is much more profitable, while investing in RRE is profitable for a short period of time. Rents are steady in CRE and leasing. Agreements are here to stay with the constant availability of tenants. CRE tends to receive more revenue, while RRE offers a better return. Have your options open in both cases. A major difference lies under leasing and renting, along with the legalities. Investing in both is totally different and depends on your requirements.
As residential properties have frequent tenant turnover, higher maintenance and upkeep expenses, and lower returns, risk and volatility are seen as higher in residential properties. CRE provides reliable and long-term renters with steady income streams.
Prior to making a final decision to invest in a residential or commercial property, it is always crucial to evaluate the location, investment amount, and tenure.